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To Be: Am/Is/Are

Am, Is and Are are verbs that very often uses in English. Here are some examples:

  • My name is Maya
  • I am 22
  • I am not married
  • I am interested in art
  • My favourite color is red
  • My father is a doctor and my mother is a journalist
  • We are students
  • Are you student?
  • What is your name?
  • How old are you?

There are three forms of Am/Is/Are, they are Positive, Negative and Questions:

1.  Positive

to be.1

  • I’m cold. Can you close the windows, please?
  • Andi is afraid of dogs.
  • It’s five o’clock. You’re late again.
  • Maya and I are good friends.
  • I’m 27 years old. My brother is 29.
  • Your books are on the table.
  • My brother is very tall. He’s an Army.

2.  Negative

to be.2

  • It’s sunny today but it isn’t warm.
  • Maya isn’t interested in dance. He’s interested in martial art.
  • Andi isn’t at home at the moment. He’s at work.
  • I’m not tired but I’m thirsty.
  • Those people aren’t Indonesian. They’re African.

3.  Questions

to be.2

  • Is your father at home?’ ‘No, he’s out.’ (or we say ‘Is He at home?’)
  • Your bag are nice. Are they new? (or we say ‘Are they new?’)
  • Am I late?’ ‘No, you’re on time.

Further uses of To be

a.     that’s or that is   |   there’s or there is   |   here’s or here is

  • Thank you. That’s very kind of you.
  • Look! There’s a Tiger.
  • ‘Here’s your book.’ ‘Thank you.’

b.    Where …? / What …? / Who …? / How …? / Why …?

  • What’s it?
  • Why’re you sad?
  • Where’s Maya?
  • How’s your sister?
  • Who’s that boy?

c.    short answer

to be.3

to be.4

  • Are you tired?’ ‘Yes, I am.’
  • Are you hungry?’ ‘No, I’m not but I’m thirsty.’
  • Is your friend Indonesian?’ ‘Yes, He is.’
  • Are these your books?’ ‘Yes, they are.’
  • That’s my umbrela.’ ‘No, it isn’t.’


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